Ketamine is a molecule synthesized in 1962 by chemist Calvin Stevens. It is actually ketamine hydrochloride. Since then, it has been used in the medical field but also in veterinary medicine for its very rapid anesthetic action. It is also a powerful pain reliever and an antidepressant which can be given in different ways, namely: intravenously, subcutaneously and intramuscularly. But in view of its countless side effects and their importance, ketamine should only be used medicinally.
Ketamine is a little different from other anesthesia products used in hospital settings. It has the advantage of limiting the respiratory risks because it acts neither on the heart nor on the lungs, provided that its dosage is perfectly adapted to the patient. In ketamine anesthesia, therefore, the patient’s breathing does not need to be controlled.
It is an effective hallucinogen against manifestations linked to various pathologies, in particular against acute pain. It is medically administered to adults, but also to children at a lower dose, for mild sedation.
Some drug treatments contain ketamine. Their use is strictly reserved for hospitals.
Some of the common short-term side effects that ketamine users experience include:
Depending on the dosage, some users can experience these more severe side effects of ketamine:
Ketamine has a half-life of approximately three hours10 , which means that it takes approximately 14 to 18 hours for the drug to be eliminated from a person’s system. The exact range of time, however, depends on a variety of factors including how much of the drug was used as well as the individual’s body mass, hydration levels, and metabolism.
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